LepNet imaging protocol strongly suggests imaging both the dorsal and ventral side of wings for Lepidoptera that have distinctive color patterns on underside of wings. This would include butterflies and some moths that have distinctive patterns on the hindwing (e.g., Stamnodes. some tortricids) or have males with distinctive melanic sex scales on underside of wings (e.g., Proteoteras). Listed below are families and genera that are known to have species with distinct ventral markings and thus it is important to photograph both the dorsal and the ventral surfaces of wings.
In general, any moth with a pattern or sex scales (including melanic scales and hair pencils) on the ventral side of forewing/hindwing should be photographed.
This Excel file includes information listed below Imaging Survey_Family_Final
|Dorsal and Ventral images|
|Families with some species that need Dorsal and Ventral|
Genera containing at least some species known to have ventral markings and should have both a dorsal and ventral image. If you know of other genera please contact email@example.com .